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The Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation (CSOR)

Established in 2016, The Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation (CSOR) is an academic research center within the Shields School of Business at Saint Francis University. The Center's mission is to provide information to citizens, policy makers, and other researchers about the extent, scope, and effects of occupational regulation. Located on the 3rd floor of the newly renovated Schwab Hall, the center offers students who are interested in economics and public policy a substantial scholarship opportunity.

  • CSOR Personnel

    Ed TimmonsDr. Edward Timmons

    Position: Director of CSOR 

    Department: Business Administration

    Office: Schwab Hall 314      


    Email: Dr. Edward Timmons


    Kihwan Bae(2)

    Dr. Kihwan Bae

    Position: Assistant Research Professor

    Department: Business Administration

    Office: Schwab Hall 308


    Email: Dr. Kihwan Bae

    Emily VargoEmily Vargo

    Position: Director of Public Policy Research and Academic Programs  

    Office: Library 319      


    Email: Emily Vargo                


    Alanna WilsonAlanna Wilson 

    Position: Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Relations  

    Office: SBDC 205  

    814.472. 2863                           

    Email: Alanna Wilson

    Conor NorrisConor Norris

    Position: Research Analyst   

    Office: Library 319 

    814.472. 1103  

    Email: Conor Norris

    AlexisSAlexis Schumacher

    Position: Outreach and Public Relations Coordinator

    Office: SBDC 207


    Email: Alexis Schumacher    


    Jon (JD) WalkerJD

    Position: Veteran Support Specialist and SFU ROTC Instructor.

    Office: SBDC 210


    Email: JD Walker

    Research Affiliates

    Meet Our Research Affiliates

    Maria - Research Affiliate(4)Dr. Maria Koumenta -- Senior Research Affiliate

    Maria Koumenta is an Assistant Professor of Labor Economics at Queen Mary, University of London. She is an expert on occupational regulation, currently leading the research on this topic in the EU and UK. Her work explores the characteristics and prevalence of occupational regulation, analyses its impact on labour market outcomes such as earnings, skills, employment, migration and service quality. She has led various projects funded by the UK government and the European Commission and has provided testimony and policy advice to various UK government departments (UK Treasury, Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Policy, Department of Health), UK Parliamentary Committees, and officials at the European Commission.

    She was awarded her PhD from the London School of Economics, where she also worked as a researcher at the Centre for Economic Performance.

    Learn more about Dr. Koumenta here.


    Brian Meehan

    Dr. Brian Meehan

    Dr. Brian Meehan is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Berry College. Brian earned his PhD in economics from Florida State University. He earned his MA in economics from Central Michigan University and his BS in economics from Northern Michigan University. His research interests include law and economics, occupational licensing, and public choice. He has published in academic journals including: Public ChoiceThe International Review of Law and Economics, and Applied Economics. Much of his work focuses on the impact of occupational licensing on labor markets and crime. He has also published policy reports on occupational licensing for the Archbridge Institute and an op-ed appearing in The Hill.

    Learn more about Dr. Meehan here.

     Darwyyn Deyo

    Dr. Darwyyn Deyo

    Darwyyn Deyo is an Assistant Professor of Economics at San Jose State University who teaches law and economics and labor economics. She is also an Affiliate Research Fellow with the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute. She has researched the impact of occupational licensing on service quality, the labor supply of criminals, and topics in health economics such as the impact of tort reform and the Affordable Care Act on health care utilization. She has published in such journals as the Journal of Private Enterprise, the Journal of Economics and Finance Education, the American Journal of Managed Care, and the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

    She earned a Doctorate in Economics and a Masters in Economics from George Mason University. She is also an alumni of Saint Mary’s College of California where she earned a dual Bachelor of Science in Economics and a Bachelor of Arts in International Area Studies. She previously worked as a Research Fellow with the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute and was an affiliate scholar with the Center for Micro-Economic Policy Research at George Mason University. Before beginning her doctorate, she worked as a journalist covering political news out of Pennsylvania. She is also co-founder of the Finance and Economics Women’s Network, which supports undergraduate students in those disciplines.

    Learn more about Dr. Deyo here.


    Alicia Plemmons(2)Dr. Alicia Plemmons

    Dr. Alicia Plemmons is an Assistant Professor in the Economics & Finance Department at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. Her research uses applied spatial and econometric methods to understand how policy changes affect labor markets. She studies how to create environments that facilitate healthy economic growth and business development through research that seeks to understand the motivations that determine entry, operating, and exit decisions of firms, laborers, and consumers. She compliments her empirical background with the use of technology-driven techniques such as large-scale data scraping, geographic information systems, and predictive machine learning.




    BobbyChungDr. Bobby Chung 

    Bobby is a labor economist. He receives his Ph.D in Economics at Clemson University. He is now a postdoctoral research associate at the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign). He is also a network member of the Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Global Working Group. Bobby's recent work includes social network, teacher licensing, and real estate licensing.




    TingtingDr. Tingting Zhang

    Tingting Zhang is an Assistant Professor of Organizational Studies and Analytics at the Girard School of Business, Merrimack College. She will be joining The School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in August 2021. She earned a Doctorate in Industrial Relations and Human Resources and a Masters in Economics from the University of Toronto in Canada. She also holds a Bachelor in Economics from the University of British Columbia in Canada and a Bachelor in Computer Science from Shandong University in China. Her research focuses on various training and development mechanisms both within and outside organizations, such as occupational regulation and the emergence of nondegree credentials, shape individuals’ career outcomes, especially marginalized groups such as women and immigrants. Tingtings’s research has appeared in such journals as International Migration Review, British Journal of Industrial Relations, International Journal of Training and Development, and Canadian Public Policy.


    Graduate Assistants

    Meet Our Graduate Assistants

    Alexis (Lexie) DeLullo

    Alexis DeLullo

    Graduate Degree Program: Master's in Business Administration (MBA) 

    Lexie is from Saint Marys, Pennsylvania. She is a recent graduate of Saint Francis University, where she obtained both a Bachelor of Science in Accounting and a Bachelor of Science in Finance. While attending Saint Francis University, she was the Lead Research Fellow for The Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation and the Project Manager for Enactus. During her junior year, she was awarded the Lynanne Wingard Award, which is presented to one student who represents the campus through strong academics and campus involvement.


    Easton Plummer

    Graduate Degree Program: Master's in Business Administration (MBA)

    Easton is from Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania. He recently graduated with his Bachelor of Science degree from Saint Francis University in Business Management. During his undergraduate studies, he participated in track & field as a pole vaulter. In his free time, he enjoys hunting, fishing, and woodworking. 

    Alison Anna

    Ali Anna

    Graduate Degree Programs: Masters in Business Administration (MBA)  

    Alison is from Hastings, Pennsylvania. Ali is a recent graduate from Saint Francis University with a Bachelor's in Accounting and Management Information Systems. She is continuing her education by obtaining a Master's in Business Administration (MBA). After graduation, she plans to become a Fraudulent Examiner, and possibly become a Forensic Accountant for the government. 

    **If you are interested in becoming a Graduate Assistant for The Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation (CSOR) contact the Director of Public Policy Research and Academic Programs Emily Vargo.**


    Graduate Research Fellow

    Meet Our Research Fellow

    IlyaIlya Kukaev

    Ph.D Student - Economics

    Ilya Kukaev is a PhD student in Economics at Lehigh University. He was a Fulbright scholar from Russia. Ilya's research areas are Macroeconomics and Labor Economics. He's interested in effects of occupational licensing on labor markets and macroeconomic outcomes. In particular, his research covers how occupational licensing affects unemployment duration, inter-generational mobility, and labor mobility. The occupational regulation system in Russia is another topic of his research. In his free time he enjoys ice-skating, jogging, and going to the cinema.  

    Undergraduate Research Fellows

    EmeliaUpdatedEmelia Cronshaw - Senior

    Major: Physician Assistant

    Minor: Fine Arts - Visual Arts

    Emelia is from Strafford, New Hampshire. Besides being involved with CSOR, Emelia is currently on the SFU's womens swim team. She chose to attend Saint Francis for their academic opportunities, small-town campus and the swim team. 



    RandeeUpdatedRandee McGee - Senior

    Majors: Accounting and Economics

    Minor: Political Science

    Randee is from Leechburg, Pennsylvania. He came to Saint Francis because he loves the atmosphere and the faculty. Besides being a research fellow for CSOR, Randee is a member of both the Red Flash marching band and the pep band, a member of the Ethics Bowl team, and a sitting member on the Executive Board of SGA. Upon graduation, Randee hopes to either start a career in politics or work in the corporate world. 


    UrskaUrska Medvesek - Senior

    Major: Communications
    Minor: Marketing 

    Urska Medvesek is an international student from Maribor, Slovenia. Besides being involved with the CSOR, she is on the women's swimming team. Urska chose Saint Francis University because of the sense of a small and welcoming community, as well as having the opportunity to participate on the swim team. After graduation, she plans to move back to Europe and pursue a career in marketing and communications.


    KristiUpdatedKristen Hile - Junior -- Lead Fellow

    Majors: Finance and Economics

    Kristen is from State College, Pennsylvania. She chose to attend Saint Francis University for the outstanding reputation of the Shields School of Business. Along with being a research fellow for CSOR, Kristen is a member of both the Red Flash marching and pep bands and has been playing the trumpet for over ten years. After graduation, Kristen plans to pursue a career in corporate finance.


    Taylor P- UpdatedTaylor Ponchione - Junior -- Lead Fellow

    Majors: Business Analytics and Accounting

    Taylor is a graduate of United High School in Armagh, Pa. He came to Saint Francis because of the campus community and small size. In addition to CSOR, Taylor is involved in Enactus and is a Resident Assistant. After graduation, Taylor hopes to spend time working overseas and gain international experience.


    MorganUpdatedMorgan Flack - Junior

    Majors: Marketing and Communications

    Morgan is a freshman from Ellicott City, Maryland. She is double majoring in Marketing and Communications. In addition to being apart of CSOR, her involvement includes Enactus, Enactus's presentation team, and various projects within the club. A fun fact about Morgan is that in high school she was nationally ranked 3 seasons in a row within her relay team!


    Hunter LHunter Longenecker – Junior 

    Majors: Management Information Systems and Digital Marketing

    Hunter is a Management Information Systems and Digital Media Marketing double major from East Freedom, Pennsylvania. He came to Saint Francis for the small campus, class sizes, and the sense of community. In addition to CSOR Hunter is a Resident Assistant as well as being involved in Enactus, S.E.A.L., and Blue Stockings Society. A fun fact about Hunter is that he is left handed.  


    Anne-Marie Anne-Marie Larkin  – Junior 

    Majors: Accounting and Finance 

    Anne-Marie is from Worcester, Massachusetts and is dual-majoring in Accounting and Finance. She came to Saint Francis University because of the welcoming campus community. In addition to CSOR, Anne-Marie is the project manager for Enactus team and the National Representative for her sorority Gamma Sigma Sigma. 


    YanessaYanessa Shabbick - Junior

    Major: Accounting

    Minor: Marketing

     Yanessa is a junior from Heilwood, PA. In addition to being involved with CSOR, she is also Co-Captain of the cheerleading team, SGA Business Manager, and a member of the accounting club. After graduation, Yanessa's goal is to pursue an MBA with a concentration in marketing and hopes to one day become a professor. In her spare time, she enjoys writing poetry and photography! 


    MorganG  Morgan George - Sophomore

    Major: Accounting

    Morgan is from Brush Valley, Pennsylvania. Her major is Accounting. While pursuing her degree, she hopes to learn all she can about the business world. Morgan chose Saint Francis University because of the beautiful campus environment and how dedicated the professors are to the success of their students. After graduation, she hopes to get a Certified Public Accounting license and work in forensic accounting.  


    Nicole DavisNicole Davis - Sophomore
    Major: Accounting

    Nicole is a graduate of Conrad Weiser High School located in Robesonia, PA. She chose to attend Saint Francis University because she loves the campus atmosphere and the small class sizes. Nicole is a member of the Red Flash marching band and pep band, and she also hopes to get involved in Enactus while on campus. 


     Samantha C.Samantha Crider - Sophomore

    Major: Business Administration

    Samantha Crider is a graduate from Altoona Area Senior High. Her major is Business Administration. In addition to CSOR, she is involved with Enactus. Samantha chose to attend Saint Francis University because "it is a small campus and there are a lot of different opportunities to get involved with the campus community."


    Hannah pHannah Papcun - Sophomore

    Major: Accounting

    Hannah is a from Portage, Pennsylvania. She chose Saint Francis University because of the community atmosphoere and the positive standing of the Shields School of Business. After graduation, Hannah plans to pursue a Master of Business Administration and obtain a Certified Public Accountant license. 


    Kalista DKalista Darney - Freshman

    Major: Business Analytics

    Kalista is an incoming freshman with a major in Business Analytics. She is from small town Bellefonte, PA. Kalista chose SFU because of the friendly the staff and students. Additionally, Kalista knew SFU was a place call home because her religious beliefs match up with the SFU franciscan values. After graduation, she plans on returning to her hometown to help out with the local small businesses. 


    AnnaAnna Sholtes - Freshman

    Major: Finance

    Anna is a finance major from Harrison City, Pennsylvania. She chose to attend Saint Francis because of the close-knit community and reputation of the Shields School of Business, as well as the small class sizes. In addition to CSOR, Anna is involved in Enactus and ASL club. 

    Online Fellowship Application

    CSOR offers students who are interested in economics and public policy a substantial scholarship opportunity. Student fellows will conduct, analyze, and present research that will go towards developing a national database of occupational regulation focusing on healthcare occupations. Students will also have potential opportunities to travel and share their findings at national conferences.

    Apply for a CSOR Fellowship 

  • _____

    CSOR News & Events:

    • ConferencePhoto1

      CSOR's 2021 Emerging Scholars Conference

      CSOR kicked off the second Emerging Scholars Conference. The goal of the conference was to provide a forum for discussion and feedback on occupational regulation research while bringing scholars and policy analysts together to consider the implications for public policy. 

      CSOR Research Affiliate Darwyyn Deyo, and newly appointed visiting scholar, took the lead to establish a mentor-mentee workshop throughout the conference. The workshop was designed as a learning process for mentors to make connections while providing constructive feedback to the presenting mentors. The scholars received academic advice and additional scholastic resources to improve their continued research. 



    • PosterSession2021

      11th Annual Dr. Albert A. Zanzuccki Post Session

      CSOR fellows and graduate assistants presented their research at the Shields School of Business 11th Annual Dr. Albert A. Zanzuccki poster session on April 14th.
    • Covid - 19

      Combating COVID-19 with Licensing Reform

      Director Dr. Edward Timmons, Legislative Research Analyst Ethan Bayne, and Research Analyst Conor Norris continue to compile a policy brief outlining the emergency occupational licensing reforms implemented by states for combating COVID-19. Visit our website for our April 15th revisions.